Musical terms

Today, i am going to read 《Music Theory, 3E (Idiot’s Guides) 3rd Edition》by Michael Miller to learn about music theory. The following tables record some music terms so as the Chinese translation.

tone音调,音色scale音阶
note音符Pitches and Clefs音高和谱号
Treble Clef高音谱号Bass Clef低音谱号
Percussion Clef打击乐谱号Octave八度音阶
Major Scale大音阶Minor Scale小音阶
Natural Minor自然小调Harmonic Minor和声小调
Melodic Minor旋律小调Ionian伊奥尼亚调式
Mixolydian混合利底亚调式Dorian多里安调式
Aeolian爱奥利亚调式Phrygian弗里几亚调式
Lydian利底亚调式Locrian洛可里亚调式
Major Key主键Minor Key副键
key signature音调符号Circle of Fifth五度圈
rhythm节奏;韵律Whole Note全音符
Half Note二分音符Quarter Note四分音符
Eighth Note八分音符Sixteenth Note十六分音符
time signature拍子记号tempo节奏
symphony交响乐;和声chord和弦
Major Chord大三和弦Minor Chord小三和弦
Diminished Chord减和弦Augmented Chord增和弦
Chord Progression和弦进行Cadence终止
Harmonic cadence和声终止式Plagal cadence变格终止式
Authentic cadence正格终止式Half cadence半终止式
Interrupted cadence阻碍终止式verse诗节
transcribing采谱;誊写Arpeggiate琶音
Counterpoint对位法diatonic全音阶的
Slur连音符Tenuto持续音
Staccato断奏Grace note花音,倚音
Glissando滑音Pentatonic五声音阶
coda尾奏trill颤音
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